Verifying SoC is fun and tedious. Especially with several buzz words around the corner, it is quite easy to get lost in maze of buzz-words and miss the goal. At the end one may feel that the plain old wisdom of whiteboard based testcase review/plan is/was lot more controllable & observable. We did that back in 2000 @ Realchip communications and yes it worked really well. But with shrinking times and mounting complexity is that really fast enough? Before I hear constrained-random, blink for a while – how much random do you want your end-to-end data flow in-and-out of ASIC/SoC to be?
We at CVC (www.cvcblr.com) take pride in partnering with all major EDA vendors (http://www.cvcblr.com/partners) – big & small to look for best possible solution for different problems than suggesting “one-size-fit-all” like solution.
Here is a relevant thread @Vguild: http://www.verificationguild.com/modules.php?name=Forums&file=viewtopic&p=17615#17615
I am due to start work on an ASIC, and am wondering about a suitable verification strategy. The ASIC consists of a data path, with continuous data input from ADCs and continuous output to DACs, and a couple of embedded processors utilising external flash and SRAM.
So the interfaces to the ASIC are pretty much:
(1) parallel data bus in
(2) parallel data bus out
(3) external memory interface for CPUs
And here is our own experience/view of some emerging approach to this problem – we don’t claim to have solved it completely, but seem to be making good progress towards a methodical and controllable (yet scalable) manner.
Good question/topic. While the value of OVM/VMM is very profound at block levels, their usage at SoC level wherein end-to-end data flow is being checked is not very well reported (yet) in literature. Needless to say they are far better than inventing your own. Especially if you have block-to-system reuse of these VIP components they definitely come very handy. The virtual sequences/multi-stream scenarios do assist but IMHO they come with heavy workouts. Instead what we promote to our customers here and have been proto-typing with at CVC is the solution from Breker, it is called Trek. It can work on top of any existing TB – Verilog/VHDL/TCL/VMM/OVM you name it.
Idea is to reuse the block level components to do what they do best and build tests at a higher level – in this case using graphs, nodes etc. I tend to like this as I used to like Petri nets during my post-graduation days (though didn’t followup on my interest afterwards).
My first impression was to use Trek simply as a testcase creation engine but slowly I’m getting convinced it is useful as "checker" as well – especially the end-to-end checks.
You are absolutely right – use assertions in IP interface levels and use some sort of higher level stimulus. Where I see Trek useful in SoC verification is the ability to describe your "flow of data through SoC" as a graph and let the tool generate tests for you. I even jokingly say one can use a palmtop/PDA to draw these graphs during travel, convert them to Trek graph (somehow, didn’t chase that dream yet) and have tests ready while I’m on travel – flight/train/bus whatever be it! On a serious note, this is quite similar to how we used to discuss our testplans on a whiteboard during our Realchip (a communication startup in 2000-2001) days, now becoming "executable"
See ST’s usage of Trek @
Feel free to contact me offline if you need further assistance on Trek. We have our 2nd successful project finishing on using Trek, though these are small/medium scale ones.
My 2 cents!
Chief Technology Officer, CVC www.cvcblr.com
A Pragmatic Approach to VMM Adoption
SystemVerilog Assertions Handbook
Using PSL/SUGAR 2nd Edition.
Contributor: The functional verification of electronic systems